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References. The guava tree is one of the many trees with hardwood which may be hard for insects to damage. Wipe rubbing alcohol over pruning shears' blades, and prune dead, damaged, diseased or crossing stems up to 3/4-inch thick after fruit falls from the strawberry guava tree. After this, prune your guava tree annually to maintain its symmetry and remove excessive growth. You have to pick off any mouldy fruits and funny leaves. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Even when it typically prefers warmer climates, the strawberry guava tree is quite hardy in temperatures as low as 22°F (-5°C). Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. The first act is to skirt prune the tree. Thinning helps counteract the tree’s dense growth to let light and air in to the inner branches, which helps them stay healthy and productive. Prune guavas 3 to 4 months after planting to train them to the desired shape. In early winter, prune suckers, competing shoots and any branches that are broken or rubbing together. This also stimulates a better root system. The red-white spring flowers are followed by fruit that makes a good jelly. Hence, select pruning the guavas in the shape of a bush or tree, or you can even grow them as a hedge. Fertilizer. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… Wait until Pruning Is Optimal. If you are pruning yours to a tree shape, select a single trunk and 3 or 4 lateral (side) branches. Pruning a Guava. Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. Many are the factors involved in defining the right way and time for pruning, including the type and age of the tree, the weather, the purpose of pruning, etc. Tall branches can also block sunlight from the tree which can result in limited fruiting. Pruning. Guavas are self-pollinating, so they only require one tree to produce fruit. Although the trees are frost tender, adult trees may survive short periods of frost, but they can be grown in a greenhouse or sunroom in other regions. If more than one branch comes out, select the thicker and remove the others. Place a root cutting from the guava tree in each hole and fill the hole with soil. It's important that you don't make the cut flush with the intersecting branch. Guava is a popular tropical fruit tree. Keep your tree healthy, and harvest all of your fruit without ever climbing a ladder. It can be left to follow its natural growth habit, or you can prune it to the shape of a small tree. You can watch the video below on 3 different varieties of guavas… The jackalberry tree, also known as the African ebony tree, grows on hot savanna grasslands and in woods in Africa. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. To thin, simply remove some of the branches by cutting them at their base. In either case, it’s best not to allow your guava to grow taller than 10 feet (3 m.), or it could blow over in strong winds. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 18,670 times. It is crucial, therefore, to know how to prune fruit trees. A: Yes; prune it to shape it after the fruiting period. The fruit is heavy for the slender branches. Loppers look like hand shears, but with very long handles that allow you to reach higher branches. This video shows interesting facts about guava: Almost all the branches that leave the mother branches, produce flowers so … Prune the plant to a single trunk when you first put it in the ground. This article has been viewed 18,670 times. What a difference to your fruit trees when you give up heading and get thinning! Prune your guava tree once per year to keep it a manageable size and encourage fresh growth. Guavas grow in clusters of 2 to 4 fruits. Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. Guavas can be pruned or trained to form a large bush to allow easier harvesting, or into a small tree with a single trunk. Remove any suckers that appear at the base of the tree or above the roots, and cut back branches that spread too far. I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. Guava is a small tree indigenous to the American tropics that has become naturalized in most tropical and subtropical climates of the world. Organic pests and diseases control in Guava cultivation Water guava trees when planting and every day for one to two weeks. If you’re wondering how or when to prune guava trees, this article is for you. Pineapple guava is an attractive large shrub that matures to about 12 feet. Some people grow them in hedges, because the fruit is produced on new wood, so pruning doesn’t affect the crop. Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Pruning should occur in late winter but it may be trimmed at any time. I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. % of people told us that this article helped them. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. Remove all other shoots. This tree will grow horizontally across the ground. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Trim up the side branches to keep them around 2 … Pruning. Pruning. It can be found in Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Florida, and a few sheltered areas of California and Texas. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… Often the branches bear against the ground and it goes rotten and diseases get into the tree. Place a root cutting from the guava tree in each hole and fill the hole with soil. Remove all other shoots. Pruning your tree more heavily in late winter or early spring will encourage the growth of large, high-quality guava. Alex Shows You How to Prune You Guava Tree for Maximum Health and Productivity. Cut a root from a mature guava tree with pruning shears. Prune the plant to a single trunk when you first put it in the ground. Encourage pollinators, like bees to your yard by planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint. You'll want to start pruning around 3 to 4 months after the tree has sprouted. Shaping the tree and removing water shoots and suckers are generally all that is essential. The pineapple guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning and can be used as a hedge or screen. ... Make sure you timely prune your guava trees to reduce dense canopy. How to prune Guava tree. When talking about tree pruning, knowing how and when to do it is vital. Pruning A Potted Guava (Zone 7b) Andrew B. They grow too … To grow a guava tree indoors simply position your plant somewhere that gets at least 6 hours sunlight. Thinning is the removal of a whole shoot or branch, taking it back to its point of origin. Pruning guava trees are important as they can grow very tall, making them unmanageable in all but the largest gardens. Keep the tree small by continuously pruning the top and ends of the tree. Prune up to 1/4 root mass. If left unpruned, the pineapple guava will obtain a height of 15 to 20 feet; however, it can be maintained as low as 3 or 4 feet. When talking about tree pruning, knowing how and when to do it is vital. … Prune after harvest to help keep the plant tidy and compact. If pruning of guava tree is done in the form of a bush, emerging of branches will be done two feet from the ground. They grow from Senegal and the Sudan to Namibia and the northern Transvaal. If you are growing a papaya tree in a container then it is vital that you do prune your tree in this way as it will help keep your papaya tree dwarf and a good size for growing in containers. 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